Product Spotlight - Baseline

If there is one liquid ingredient worth having around, it’s baseline. Baseline is:

A soluble liquid supplement that feeds beneficial microorganisms; an excellent source of humic and fulvic acids.

It can be used in conjunction with an existing organic or synthetic liquid fertilizer program. It:

•Increases nutrient cycling

•Is an excellent ingredient in compost tea

•Can be used as a stand-alone foliar spray or root drench

•Can be used in drip irrigation systems without clogging emitters

While more expensive than other powdered humics, baseline has many benefits. First off, it is of the highest quality humus and will not create nutrient deficiencies, lockouts or other irregularities sometimes observed with powdered humics. Additionally, its liquid nature makes for rapid tank mixing, unlike other humic powders that get caked onto tank sidewalls and congeal into black clay like dots all over your equipment.

Baseline is basically like plasma for your plants and is a key component to the health of mother plants or any plants that spend many months root bound in containers. Root bound plants can be continuously regenerated by weekly applications of baseline and other microbial products.

Here is a short vimeo video demonstrating the use of baseline in a small nursery in Humboldt County:

Baseline

Cannabis - The Ultimate Modulator

Every once in a while topics outside of horticulture come along that are so important they must be discussed.  I always understood that cannabis modulates (ie: regulates) our bodies through our endo-cannabinoid systems. But I never really understood how extensive it actually was, until now...

In case you’re not aware of it, our bodies have and internal “endo”-Cannabinoid system and cannabis acts as the exo-cannabinoid, “exo” meaning external or outside. So the body has this lock and key system that produces its own endo-cannabinoids and cannabis are like a bunch of keys that are capable of unlocking a lot of locks in our bodies! While this may be an oversimplified version of this system, it’s provides a clear enough analogy to process.

 Poster from www.MarysMedicinals.com

Poster from www.MarysMedicinals.com

The most mind opening part of all of this is that cannabis modulates the muscular, skelatal, nervous, digestive, circulatory, limbic and endocrine systems. Basically every system in your body, cannabis can up or down regulate!!!! It causes apoptosis “programmed cell death” of cancer cells while leaving healthy cells in tact. It’s nueroprotetective antioxidant capabilities have been shown to protect the glial cells in the brain from degeneration.  It’s the world’s most incredible plant and is truly here to help heal people.

The implications for health and wellness are profound. We are just at the tip of the iceberg when it comes to understanding how we can combine cannabinoids with other synergistic adaptogens, anti-oxidants, polyphenols, flavonoids, vitamins and herbs.  

Science should be diving head in to study how different elements can facilitate modulation when combined with different ratios of cannabinoids. What effects will THC + Iron have vs. CBD + Iron ? What about CBD + Vitamin C + Flavinoids + Calcium? The combinations are almost endless and new holistic modalities for for full spectrum healing might actually be possible with these combinations.

Daily microdosing of cannabinoids shows many promising modes of therapy so look forward into the future for businesses to offer combinations tailored to match specific alignments. At first glance, it appears that the cannabis plant has evolved with the homosapien to modulate our entire biochemistry. Only now, on the doorsteps of worldwide acceptance, can we gleam the vast potential of possibilities the exogenous Cannabinoid system can provide us to literally unlock the pathways for our healing....lock and key baby.

Compost Tea Feeding Schedules

 Compost tea made with all liquid ingredients

Compost tea made with all liquid ingredients

Compost tea can be an effective strategy for balancing feeding schedules. But in the case of compost tea, more is not necessarily better. In fact, over application can actually cause significant soil imbalances. Many times, the problem of over-application of compost tea becomes compounded when the soil remains over-saturated for too long after the application of compost tea, especially if it is being used at every watering. If the microbes have a big boom cycle but then the soil is water logged, the bust cycle will lead to a much quicker anaerobic state, which can lead to a number of different problems.

There are many instances where compost tea is only applied 1x month to outdoor plants with excellent results. Just because you are seeing excellent results with compost tea, doesn’t mean that adding more will work even better.

Feeding Schedules for Rapid Growth

 This compost tea was tank mixed with a few biostimulants just prior to watering.

This compost tea was tank mixed with a few biostimulants just prior to watering.

  1. Liquid Fertilizer

  2. Compost Tea

  3. Water

A very successful regime observed in Humboldt County involves transitioning between liquid fertilizers, compost teas and watering.  So one would use their liquid fertilizer on the first watering, the second watering would be the compost tea and the third watering would be plain water. Depending on site specific conditions, you may want to repeat that schedule or mix and match in different patterns. Some growers dilute the tea and some apply it as full strength. Sometimes they mix it with liquid fertilizers. Some growers pre-amend their soils with organic fertilizers and then simply use compost tea periodically (~1x-2x month) throughout the growing cycles.

Whatever methods you decide to choose, know the backbone to any good compost tea is:

  • Compost/Humus

  • Worm Castings

 Cherry Zkittlez grown with compost tea

Cherry Zkittlez grown with compost tea

All the additional ingredients you add will depend on your knowledge of the plants life-cycle and current soil biology. There are ways to brew grow teas, bloom teas, high bacterial teas, high protozoa teas and fungal teas. People use molasses, fish hydrolysate, frass, alfalfa, glacial rock, kelp, straw and many other ingredients, but the backbone always starts with a HIGH QUALITY compost or castings.

That’s the quick lowdown on compost tea feeding schedules, if you feel like you have something to add or would like to share your regimen, please utilize the comments below. Happy Brewing!!!

Dynamic Accumulators Overview

 Dynamic Accumulators planted nearby also function as companion plants, attracting beneficial insects and building soil biology through chop and drop layering and moisture retention through shading on hot summer days.

Dynamic Accumulators planted nearby also function as companion plants, attracting beneficial insects and building soil biology through chop and drop layering and moisture retention through shading on hot summer days.

Dynamic accumulators (DA) are plants that gather certain minerals and nutrients from the soil and store them in higher concentration in their leaf tissues. The leaves of the plants can then be used as compost, mulch or liquid fertilizer.  The truth is that most plants, in a way, are dynamic accumulators in some way because they translocate the soil minerals into their leaves. The difference however, is that certain plants, like horsetail, nettle or buckwheat, for example, tend to pull specific nutrients up in greater amounts.  Horsetail is well known for silica, nettle is well known for iron and buckwheat is known for accumulating phosphorus. Other DA”s like comfrey or yarrow are more all purpose accumulators and pull out more proportional balanced NPK ratios.  DA’s are traditionally thought of as a class of plants associated with nutritive and medicinal herbs. But please don’t confuse DA’s as a specific class of plants, for they can also include other types of flowers and cover crops as well.

 

Dynamic accumulators (DA) can really be viewed as nutrient miners. They use their root structure to mine nutrients. They can have deep tap roots or an extensive underground network of rhizomes which translocate those minerals into their leaves.  Sometimes they are used to try to repair soil, whereby a DA that has a deep tap root can pull up nutrients, and when the leaves are dropped and mulched over the surface, they breakdown and become bioavailable near the soil surface.

 

 Comfrey - Plant near compost bins or greenhouses for easy mulching and/or compost building.

Comfrey - Plant near compost bins or greenhouses for easy mulching and/or compost building.

Typically though, people are using DA’s to mine nutrients from nearby soil and then apply those nutrients to another area of a farm or garden. So imagine you have a farm and there’s edges of fields or gardens just sitting there covered with grass. So one would plant a row or swath of, let’s say, comfrey in that area.  Then the comfrey would mine the nutrients from that unused area and then the leaves could be mulched into the pots, beds or fields or amended into the compost pile. The comfrey could also be turned into liquid fertilizers or foliar sprays through the extraction processes of fermentation or sun teas.

 

 Chamomile Sun Teas have been tested to be high in Ca, Mg, P, K, Na, S. This chamomile fermented plant extract was drip fed to these plants.

Chamomile Sun Teas have been tested to be high in Ca, Mg, P, K, Na, S. This chamomile fermented plant extract was drip fed to these plants.

One of the contended variables of DA’s is the technical science behind quantifying how much nutrients are actually stored. If nettle is good at accumulating iron, but there is no iron in your soil, hypothetically, then it won’t really store that element because it wasn’t there in the first place! Also, it is apparently unknown to science precisely how long it takes for nutrients to become bioavailable.  Once the leaves store the nutrients, and the leaves return to the soil, there is little science to quantify how quickly or how much is returned into bioavailable nutrients. Science tends to overanalyze everything and want’s answers before proceeding. So while the scientific community is trying to find the answers to DA’s, the biodynamic and regenerative cannabis communities are embracing DA’s and seeing very positive empirical results. The complexities of DA’s are just beginning to be understood. There are a number of charts online to view which DA’s accumulate specific elements. Even if some of the research is anecdotal, it can still provide a general understanding for those wishing to engage in this practice.

Submit your Article

Do you have an interesting article or research paper that you would like featured? Have you come across any interesting articles that might be pertinent to our discussion or organic and ecological plant management? 

If so then please send an email to info@chascience.com to begin our discussion to get you noticed in the Cannabis industry!

CANNABIS AND COMPOST TEA- THE BIOLOGICAL REVOLUTION

CANNABIS AND COMPOST TEA- THE BIOLOGICAL REVOLUTION

~Humboldt Earth Technologies~

As growers we always seem to be searching for the next level. Larger yields, higher quality and ways to cut costs are the general directives we aim to achieve. Within this industry however, there seems to be an overuse of synthetic fertilizers with little understanding of the biological systems involved in nutrient uptake and disease control. Many inexperienced growers overuse synthetic fertilizers, hoping that more nutrients means higher yields. All that really happens is a massive salt buildup, which leads to dead microbes, nutrient lockout, a lot of flushing and heavy fungicide spraying.

Companion Planting with Cannabis

Companion Planting with Cannabis

The Companion Planting for Cannabis workshop will go over all the categories of cover crops and highlight their roles in soil biology and plant fertility while addressing certain caveats when utilizing these systems. It will then transition into companion planting to cover a local case study...

Marijuana Venture - Eastern Washington farm goes green on a commercial scale

Walden Cannabis takes advantage of its massive property by reserving thousands of square feet for insectary beds and cover crops.

The farm’s size also allows Walden to utilize a system of crop rotation — somewhat of a rarity in the cannabis space. After each harvest, the company rotates its grow site to a new section of the property in order to maintain healthy soil....

Pest Alert - Cannabis Aphid

The Oregon Dept of Agriculture has detected a new pest species for cannabis.

Phorodon cannabis, known as the cannabis aphid, bhang aphid, or hemp aphid, feeds on cannabis. It is only known from two locations in Oregon (Portland and Estacada) at this time, but it is very likely that it is established and unrecognized at other facilities. The pest is established in much of Europe and Asia, North Africa, and it is known from Colorado in North America. It appears to be a recent arrival in Oregon, and it is in the interest of all growers of cannabis to slow its spread.

Calcium's role in Cannabis Physiology

Calcium's role in Cannabis Physiology

"Calcium is an extremely important plant nutrient due to its many functions, which includes membrane structural integrity, maintenance of homeostasis, segregation of genetic material during cell division, gene expression, energetics and enzyme activities. The full picture of calcium-mediated physiological processes has not been fully described here nor clarified in academic research; however, researchers do know that calcium is immobile in plants and that it is a constant requirement throughout all growth phases."

Pesticide Article in Marijuana Venture

Pesticide Article in Marijuana Venture

We recently wrote an article fro Marijuana Venture Magazine on the problems with pesticides. Click this link to read about the potential health impacts of residual pesticides and why systemic pesticides might be lurking in your municipal compost.